Citing Websites with No Authors

Citing websites can be difficult, especially those that don’t have a clear indication of who wrote the information you wish to cite.

There are a couple of ways to approach no author. ​APA​American Psychological Association Section 6.15 advises to cite the first few words of the reference; you could also use the title of the specific web page. Conversely, it may be that the organization operating the website is the author of its content (i.e., Section 6.13, Groups as Authors).

Here are two examples from a news-related website; to add an additional level of complication, the “article” is actually a video (i.e., there is no text to the story).

In this first example, we’ve chosen to use the website “owner” as the author.

Reference List:

MSNBC News (Producer). (2010, October 13). All 33 Chile miners freed in flawless rescue. Retrieved from

In-Text Citation:

The citation you would use in the narrative (i.e., in-text) is (MSNBC News, 2010).

In a second example, we’ve used the title of the website as the “author.” Here, the parenthetical in-text citation would have double quotation marks.

Reference List:

All 33 Chile miners freed in flawless rescue. (2010, October 13). Retrieved from

In-Text Citation:

Cite the first few words of the reference list entry (usually the title) and the year. Use double quotation marks around the title or abbreviated title: (“All 33 Chile Miners,” 2010).

« Back to Student SuccessLast updated November 21, 2019
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