APA, Indirect Citations

Sometimes you won’t be able to find the original source for a work that you have read about, so you’ll have to use an indirect citation. That is, you will have to cite a journal or book, etc. that you read about from a different book or journal. Here is one example of how to use an Indirect Citation.

Primary Example

  • Johnson argued that … (as cited in Smith, 2003, p. 102)

Other Examples

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